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Hospital Particular da Madeira


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Madeira Medical Center


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Prostate Cancer Screening | CPALP Mar Shopping

Distinguished Gentleman's Ride 2021

Track Prostate Cancer In Time

Screening is always the best option for prevention and early diagnosis, and should start at around 50 years of age.

However, if you have a family history of prostate cancer, then bring that forward to the age of 45. The most basic screening is the analysis of PSA (Prostatic Specific Antigen) through blood collection and digital rectal examination. In this evaluation, the doctor researches the size, the consistency (soft or granular) and even if the touch is painful. The peripheral area of ​​the prostate, where most cancers begin, faces the wall of the rectum. If your doctor senses changes during touch, he will most likely refer you for a prostate biopsy.

In addition to age and family history, there are other risk factors. In Europe, some studies have concluded a relationship with diet, alcohol consumption, sexual behaviour, exposure to ultraviolet radiation, chronic inflammation and occupational exposure.

Regarding signs and symptoms, most are not exclusive to cancer, and may appear in other situations such as benign prostatic hypertrophy. However, you should be aware of the following signs:

  • Presence of blood in the urine or semen;
  • Frequent need to urinate, especially at night;
  • Inability to urinate, or difficulty starting or stopping the flow of urine;
  • Weak or intermittent urine flow;
  • Pain or burning during urination;
  • Difficulty in having an erection;
  • Persistent pain in the lower back, hips or upper thighs.

Finally the treatment. It is not possible to say that there is a unique option to treat all men suffering from prostate cancer, since each case is different. Some tumours need immediate and more aggressive treatment, as they grow quickly and spread to other areas of the body, while there are cases in which immediate treatment is not necessary, only careful monitoring.

6th May 2021

6, May 2021