Urology treats problems of the Urinary System (Kidney, Urethra and Bladder), and in the Male Genital System (Prostate, Testis, Penis). It also treats urinary incontinence in both sexes.
Clinical Practice internationally recommends periodic surveillance of all men aged 50 or more. In cases of family history (father or uncle with the disease) it is recommended that this surveillance begins at the age of 45 years. Blood analysis of PSA levels allows for an early diagnosis of prostate cancer thus increasing the rates of cure of the disease.
The problem is common to most men, and increases in frequency with age. Obstruction of bladder due to an enlarged prostate may result in multiple symptoms with a negative impact on the quality of life of the patient. Treatment is currently very effective and solves the problem.
It is a common problem and is related to the formation of “stones” of the urinary tract. They are mostly composed of calculi (more than 70% of the cases), but in some cases they are composed of uric acid crystals (10%) where treatment consists in dissolving the stones. Calculi must treated / removed, given the risk of impaired kidney function and urinary tract infection of varying severity.
A frequent cause of pelvic and urinary complaints in women. Its bacteriological diagnosis is mandatory. It must be differentiated from the non-specific inflammatory cystitis whose symptoms may be indistinguishable. The differential diagnosis with Bladder Carcinoma is mandatory in cases with hematuria (blood in the urine), smoking and / or with professional exposure.
Some degree of urinary incontinence is estimated to affect up to 40% of women over the age of 50 years. Its prevalence increases with age. After identifying the type of incontinence (Incontinence of Effort, Incontinence due to a Hyperactive Bladder, Mixed Incontinence), adequate treatment will permit effective and definitive control of urinary losses. Any prolaps associated with stress incontinence is treated at the same time during the surgery.
Mainly due psychogenic causes, a correct diagnostic is necessary to exclude or confirm organic disease (vascular, venous and neuropathic). Medical and surgical treatment make it possible to improve the quality of the erection and complaints of premature ejaculation.
Hypospadias, recurrent urinary tract infection and urinary reflux, absence of testicles (cryptorchidism and testicular ectopy), and Enuresis (involuntary urinary loss in the child) can be corrected, and Its late treatment may condition chronic genitourinary complaints. Early diagnosis and timely correction are essential in the comprehensive resolution of these diseases.
It is a simple procedure performed as an outpatient, under local anaesthesia and does not interfere with the man’s sexual function.