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Hospital Particular Alvor


Atendimento Urgente

Hospital Particular Gambelas


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Hospital Particular da Madeira




Atendimento Urgente

Madeira Medical Center


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Female Urinary Incontinence Consultation

Consulta do Pavimento Pélvico

Urinary incontinence, or urine leakage, is often undervalued and considered normal.
However, this problem, characterised by the involuntary loss of urine, can significantly affect quality of life, causing discomfort and embarrassment.

The Female Urinary Incontinence Consultation is dedicated to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of urinary incontinence in women.


medical specialty available on the following units


The symptoms of female urinary incontinence vary depending on the type of incontinence, but the most common include:

  • Involuntary loss of urine when straining, coughing, sneezing or exercising (stress incontinence).
  • Urinary urgency that is difficult to control, often followed by an involuntary loss of urine (urge incontinence).
  • A combination of the above symptoms (mixed incontinence).
  • Dripping or incomplete emptying of the bladder after going to the toilet.



The causes of urinary incontinence in women can be varied, for example:

  • Weakening of the pelvic floor muscles, often the result of pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Hormonal changes, especially during the menopause.
  • Anatomical or structural problems in the urinary tract.
  • Medical conditions affecting the bladder or nervous system.
  • Side effects of certain medications.
  • Smoking.


The diagnosis of urinary incontinence usually involves:

  • A detailed clinical history and physical examination, including a pelvic examination.
  • Urine tests to rule out infections or other irregularities.
  • Assessment of bladder function, which can include a voiding diary, post-void residual measurement and urodynamic study.
  • Imaging, such as ultrasound of the pelvic floor or urinary tract, in specific cases to assess the structure of the urinary tract.



Treatment for urinary incontinence can vary according to the type and severity of the condition, and may include:

  • Pelvic floor exercises (Kegel exercises) to strengthen the muscles that support the bladder and urethra.
  • Medication to treat urinary urgency or increase the strengthening of the ligaments in the perineum.
  • Intravaginal devices, such as pessaries, which can help support the bladder.
  • Minimally invasive procedures, such as botulinum toxin injections or sacral neuromodulation.
  • Surgery, in cases where other treatments have not been effective.
  • Laser treatment, for mild cases.



Some measures that can help prevent urinary incontinence:

  • Drink adequate amounts of fluids. Dehydration facilitates incontinence.
  • Maintain a healthy diet. Avoid foods and drinks that can irritate the bladder, such as caffeine, alcohol and spicy foods.
  • Go to the toilet whenever you need to. Avoid frequent and prolonged retention, as this can damage the bladder muscles and facilitate urinary infection. Empty the bladder completely.
  • Controlling your weight can reduce pressure on the bladder and pelvic floor muscles.
  • Regularly practising pelvic floor exercises to strengthen these muscles.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • Exercising the pelvic floor muscles (Kegel exercises).

The Female Urinary Incontinence Consultation plays a crucial role in identifying the underlying cause of incontinence, enabling an effective treatment plan to be implemented. With the right approaches, significant improvement or even resolution of urinary incontinence is possible.