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World Health Organization warns on the correct use of masks 

(Source: World Health Organization, 2020)

The use of masks has well defined criteria. The use of masks must be managed in a rational manner and hygiene requisites fully complied with.

It could become a risk rather than an aid, the WHO.

 

 

 

When to use a mask

 

  • If you are healthy, you only need to wear a mask if you are taking care of a person with suspected 2019-nCoV infection.
  • Wear a mask if you are coughing or sneezing.
  • Masks are effective only when used in combination with frequent hand-cleaning with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
  • If you wear a mask, then you must know how to use it and dispose of it properly.

 

 

When and how to wear medical masks to protect against coronavirus

 

  • Before putting on a mask, clean hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
  • Cover mouth and nose with mask and make sure there are no gaps between your face and the mask.
  • Avoid touching the mask while using it; if you do, clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
  • Replace the mask with a new one as soon as it is damp and do not re-use single-use masks.
  • To remove the mask: remove it from behind (do not touch the front of mask); discard immediately in a closed bin; clean hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
  • NEVER USE A MASK HANGING FROM THE NECK. NEVER PARTIALLY REMOVE TO SPEAK. NEVER PLACE ON TABLES OR CHAIRS. 

 

 


Plan the  food you need to store for a period of social isolation

(Source: DGS, 2020)

Preventive or prophylactic isolation requires more planning as far as food is concerned, as trips to the supermarket must be restricted. 

 

Therefore, we must all follow two recommendations: ensure that food balance requirements are met and be responsible with your purchases, that is, buy the necessary quantities without exaggeration, so as not to cause stock outages in supermarkets.

 

Other advice includes:

 

  • Firstly check what you have in stock, draw up a shopping list with what you will need to buy according to the meals you have planned to prepare for the period;
  • Buy food with a longer durability;
  • Choose food with high nutritional value instead of food with high energy density;
  • Don't forget to buy fresh products - vegetables and fruits - in an adequate quantity and with greater durability;
  • Vegetables with a longer durability include: carrots, onion, zucchini, pumpkin, broccoli, cauliflower, green beans. Consider purchasing frozen vegetables (depending on the capacity of your freezer);
  • Fruit with a longer durability are apples, pears, oranges and tangerines; 
  • Finally, respect the behavior to be adopted in order to minimization contagion: handle only the products you are going to buy; comply with the safety distance (at least 1 meter); do not touch the eyes, nose and mouth with your hands;  wash your hands properly before and after going shopping, adopt measures of respiratory etiquette (do not cough or sneeze into your hands, use a tissue or forearm).

 

 

Your shopping basket for 14 days should include the following food and quantities: 

1. CEREALS AND DERIVATIVES, TUBERCULES
1.1 Breakfast and snacks

FOOD QUANTITY PER PERSON FOR 14 DAYS*
Breakfast cereals (Cornflakes, muesli or oats type cereals) (cereals only)                   
OR
1Kg
Breakfast cereals (Cornflakes, muesli or oats) + Marie biscuits /crackers  + Toste                                                500g + 300g + 200g                                                    

OR

Bread  + breakfast cereals  (Cornflakes, muesli or oats)                                    700g + 500g                                        

 

1.2 Main meals 

Rice, pasta or potatoes 3Kg          


2. VEGETABLES

Vegetables  (vegetables, greens...)                            2,5Kg                               


3. FRUIT

Fruit                                         3Kg               

4. DAIRY PRODUCTS 

FOOD QUANTITY PER PERSON FOR 14 DAYS*
Milk + Cheese (eg.: plain sliced cheese)                                                                      
OR
5L + 600g
Milk + Cheese (eg.: plain sliced cheese) + Yogurt               3L + 600g + 14 Yogurt    

 

5. MEAT, FISH AND EGGS

Meat, fish and eggs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3kg (1/2 dozen eggs) + 700g (or 6 cans of tinned fish + 2kg meat or fish  (frozen/fresh)

 

6. LEGUMES

Legumes (beans, chick peas, green peas, lentils)                                                                                                         1kg (tinned legumes) ou 350g (dry legumes)

 

7. OILS 

Olive Oil                      350 ml

 

8. OTHER FOODS 

Coffee, tomatões, nuts, jams                        Not applicable 

* Estimated average daily nutritional needs for the Portuguese population: 2000 kcal, 20% protein, 50% carbohydrates and 30% lipids. Adjust the quantities according to your household..


General Recommendations - COVID-19

PREVENT CORONAVÍRUS – COVID-19 INFECTION

Remember that if you have any of the following respiratory  symptomscough, high temperature, or difficulty breathing  – should (National Health Service)
SNS24 PORTUGAL MAINLAND: 808 24 24 24
 or SRS24 MADEIRA ISLAND: 808 24 24 20.
Do not go to your doctor or hospital. 

If you have recently travelled within the last 14 days or had contact with anyone who was possibly infected, you must protect yourself and remain in quarantine.

If symptoms arise, remain at home and contact SNS24 PORTUGAL MAINLAND: 808 24 24 24 or SRS24 MADEIRA ISLAND: 808 24 24 20.

As there is no vaccination to prevent COVID-19, the only way to avoid exposure to the virus.

Comply with the following preventative measures:

  • Cover the mouth and nose with a tissue when sneezing or coughing, and immediately discard in the bin. If this is not possible, cough or sneeze into your sleeve.
  • Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or with a 60% alcoholic solution.
  • Avoid touching the eyes, nose and mouth with your hands.
  • Avoid close contact with people that are ill.
  • If you are feeling ill, stay at home.

KNOW THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN QUARANTINE AND ISOLATION 

Quarantine and isolation are both ways of social distancing to protect individuals and the population in general from an epidemic.

Quarantine 

Those who are believed to be healthy are placed in quarantine but that might have come into contact with a patient who has been confirmed to be infected. If you are placed in quarantine be aware of possible symptoms, by measuring your temperature twice daily.

The preventative measures must continue to be observed: In addition to social distancing, maintain respiratory etiquette and wash hands frequently

Isolation

Isolation is the measure adopted for people that are ill, to avoid others from becoming infected.

See how a patient in isolation at home should behave, as well as the other members of the family residing in the same home. 

Whether in quarantine or in isolation, the individual must comply scrupulously with the period indicated, even when no symptoms are present.



Home Isolation Measures
  

Know more


 

 

Avoid taking the virus home!
  

Know more


 


HOW DO NEW VIRUSES EMERGE?

Human health, animal health and the ecosystems are intimately connected.
We now know that 70-80% of emerging infectious diseases including the reemerging ones are of zoonotic origin. That is, they can be transmitted between humans and animals. 

Population growth, climatic changes, urban growth, travel facilities, and successive international migration, increase the risk pathogenic respiratory dissemination agents.

 

The new Coronavirus COVID-19 is an exemple of an emergent virus, belonging to an extensive family of viruses. 

The Ccoronavirus causes diseases of varying severity: the manifestation of a simple flu, to more serious conditions, such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), which occurred in 2012, or a Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2002.