At the Hospital Particular do Algarve the Chronic Pain Clinic consists of a team of anesthesiologists with specific expertise in this area.
Chronic Pain is a medical concern and its treatment is an ethical and humane duty.
This consultation provides an opportunity for a convenient treatment and is an asset in the entire region of the Algarve.
The International Association for the Study of Pain defines pain as a multidimensional experience involving an unpleasant sensory and emotional component that is associated with an injury. It is known as the 5th vital sign. The increase in life expectancy and the social burden of the most prevalent chronic diseases such as cancer or osteoarticular disease make the control of chronic pain a fundamental treatment.
It is considered acute if the duration is less than 6 months associated with surgery, trauma or acute illness. Has a known cause, body location a limited time span and a spontaneous resolution.
It is chronic when it persists for more than 1 month after an acute problem, has no time limit and is sometimes due to an unknown cause.
The assessment of pain is carried out in the pain consultation. The doctor carries out an extensive physical examination with medical history, evaluates previous examinations results and uses a pain rating scales.
In 2001 Portugal a national health plan to combat pain was designed and Pain Units were created throughout the country. The scope in the treatment of pain is endless and can range from myofascial pain, fibromyalgia, headaches and back pain, in addition to those already mentioned.
The treatment is based on the Analgesic Ladder using various drugs and techniques which are more or less invasive. Collaboration between the psychologist and the various medical specialties in hospitals or hospice care, plays a key role, especially in patients with cancer.